The family is a construction in which many individuals meet to coexist. This can lead to different challenges where conflicts are inevitable. Emotions almost always play an important role, which can make the psychological damage caused by conflicts even more intense.
The fields of application of family mediation include, but are not limited to, the following areas:
- Separation / divorce (e.g. custody, maintenance, asset allocation)
- Existing partnerships (e.g. compatibility of family and work, family planning, dealing with families of origin and personal network)
- Elective affinities (e.g. agreements on contracts, such as housing rights, care, etc.)
- Patchwork families (e.g. agreement on roles)
- Intergenerational conflicts (e.g. multi-generational household, dealing with parent-child, inheritance, company succession)
Family mediation must also have a special focus on children involved in the conflict and ensure that children's rights are considered by each individual child. Above all (but not exclusively), Article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child should be observed, which states as follows:
“(1) States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views the right to express those views freely in all matters affecting the child, the views of the child being given due weight in accordance with the age and maturity of the child. "
This is particularly elementary in family mediation or in all mediation cases in which a child is involved.
Conflicts within the family can, if not cleared in time, have devastating effects on the psyche of those involved. A mental disruption of family life can arise. The conflict can go so far that a complete separation of the family entails this.
Mediation can offer a space to dismantle walls and to be able to look into the future together.